Should it attach a cost to reflect this possibility or increase the discount rate when estimating the net present value? Explain

Valuing a Foreign Target Blore, Inc., a U.S.-based MNC, has screened several targets. Based on economic and political considerations, only one eligible target remains in Malaysia. Blore would like you to value this target and has provided you with the fol- lowing information:

■ Blore expects to keep the target for 3 years, at which time it expects to sell the firm for 300 mil- lion Malaysian ringgit (MYR) after any taxes.

■ Blore expects a strong Malaysian economy. The estimates for revenue for the next year are MYR200 million. Revenues are expected to increase by 8 percent in each of the following

2 years.

■ Cost of goods sold is expected to be 50 percent of revenue.

■ Selling and administrative expenses are expected to be MYR30 million in each of the next 3 years.

■ The Malaysian tax rate on the target’s earnings is expected to be 35 percent.

■ Depreciation expenses are expected to be MYR20 million per year for each of the next 3 years.

■ The target will need MYR7 million in cash each year to support existing operations.

■ The target’s stock price is currently MYR30 per share. The target has 9 million shares outstanding.

■ Any remaining cash flows will be remitted by the target to Blore, Inc. Blore uses the prevailing exchange rate of the Malaysian ringgit as the expected exchange rate for the next 3 years. This exchange rate is currently $.25.

■ Blore’s required rate of return on similar projects is 20 percent.

a. Prepare a worksheet to estimate the value of the Malaysian target based on the information provided.

b. Will Blore, Inc., be able to acquire the Malaysian target for a price lower than its valuation of the target?

Question 12

Global Strategy Senser Co. established a subsid- iary in Russia 2 years ago. Under its original plans, Senser intended to operate the subsidiary for a total of 4 years. However, it would like to reassess the situation because exchange rate forecasts for the Russian ruble indicate that it may depreciate from its current level of $.033 to $.028 next year and to $.025 in the following year. Senser could sell the subsidiary today for 5 mil- lion rubles to a potential acquirer. If Senser continues to operate the subsidiary, it will generate cash flows of 3 million rubles next year and 4 million rubles in the following year. These cash flows would be remitted back to the parent in the United States. The required rate of return of the project is 16 percent. Should Senser continue operating the Russian subsidiary?

Question 14

Country Risk Ratings Assauer, Inc., would like to assess the country risk of Glovanskia. Assauer has iden- tified various political and financial risk factors, as shown below. Assauer has assigned an overall rating of 80 per- cent to political risk factors and of 20 percent to financial risk factors. Assauer is not willing to consider Glovanskia for investment if the country risk rating is below 4.0. Should Assauer consider Glovanskia for investment?

Political Risk Factor Assigned Rating Assigned Weight

Brokerage of fund transfers 5% 40

Bureaucracy 3% 60

Financial Risk Factor Assigned Rating Assigned Weight

Interest rate 1 10%

Inflation 4 20%

Exchange rate 5 30%

Competition 4 20%

Growth 5 20%

Question 21

Risk and Cost of Potential Kidnapping In 2004 during the war in Iraq, some MNCs capitalized on opportunities to rebuild Iraq. However, in April 2004, some employees were kidnapped by local militant groups. How should an MNC account for this potential risk when it considers direct foreign investment (DFI) in any particular country? Should it avoid DFI in any country in which such an event could occur? If so, how would it screen the countries to determine which are acceptable? For whatever countries the MNC is willing to consider, should it adjust its feasibility analysis to account for the possibility of kidnapping? Should it attach a cost to reflect this possibility or increase the discount rate when estimating the net present value? Explain

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