Which of the following is a basic element of classical criminology?

Which of the following is a basic element of classical criminology?

Human behavior is a product of social, biological, or economic forces that can be empirically measured.

Crime exists because of a lack of norms or clear social standards.

Crime is attractive when it promises great benefits with little effort.

Crime is a product of the capitalist system.

QUESTION 2

Rational choice theorists view crime as both _________ and ________ specific.

Offense and offender

Reward and offender

Victim and offender

Offense and victim

QUESTION 3

______________ behavior is any action that departs from the social norms of society.

Deviant

Illegal

Criminal

Misdemeanor

QUESTION 4

Which was the first written criminal code?

Common Law Code

Mosaic Code

Code of Hammurabi

QUESTION 5

To address the nonreporting issue, the federal government sponsors the:

IPSR

UCR

FDIC

NCVS

QUESTION 6

____________ deterrence holds that criminal sanctions should be so powerful that known criminals will never repeat their criminal acts.

Broad

Interval

Intermediate

Specific

QUESTION 7

____________ uses multiple advances computational methods, including artificial intelligence, to analyze large data sets usually involving one or more data solutions.

Data mining

Crime mapping

Logic bombing

Trojan horsing

QUESTION 8

Criminologists look for _________ crime-rate patters to gain insight into the nature of crime.

Increasing

Decreasing

Random

Stable

QUESTION 9

In the past, how did criminologists view crime victims?

As an indirect role in a criminal incident.

As merely the passive targets of a criminal’s anger or greed.

As fully responsible for the criminal incident.

As an active role in the incident.

QUESTION 10

People who are crime victims are ___________ likely to commit crimes themselves.

Less

Equally

Not

More

QUESTION 11

People living ___________ are more likely to be vandalized.

On military bases

In rural areas

In suburban communities

In cities

QUESTION 12

Victim precipitation can be either:

Scientific or empirical

Active or passive

Encouraged or discouraged

Instigated or non-responsive

QUESTION 13

Shoplifting and vandalism are considered ________ thrills because getting away with crime is a thrilling demonstration of personal competence.

Cunning

Tricky

Sneaky

Sexy

QUESTION 14

What occurs when increased patrols in one community shift the crime to a more vulnerable neighborhood?

Diffusion

Replacement

Discouragement

Displacement

QUESTION 15

What is the repetition of criminal behavior called?

Recidivism

Retaliation

Reparation

Restitution

QUESTION 16

____________ assumes that behavioral traits may be inherited but that they may also evolve.

Sociobiology

Meta-evolution

Microbiology

Biophysics

QUESTION 17

When looking at the connection between genetics and crime, researchers have evaluated all the following except:

Parental deviance studies

Adoption studies

Twin studies

Diet studies

QUESTION 18

According to social learning theories, violence is learned through a process called

Information processing

Behavioral modeling

Sharing

Personification

QUESTION 19

One’s personality reflects a characteristic way of _____________ life’s demands and problems.

Ignoring

Adapting to

Rejecting

Manipulating

QUESTION 20

Monozygotic twins will have the same personality.

True

False

QUESTION 21

Problem behaviors typically involve family dysfunction, substance abuse, smoking, precocious sexuality and early pregnancy, educational underachievement, suicide attempts, sensation seeking, and unemployment.

True

False

QUESTION 22

The more crime a person commits, the less likely he or she is to suffer premature death.

True

False

QUESTION 23

Most young criminals desist and do not become adult offenders.

True

False

QUESTION 24

The basic premise of ___________ theory is that there is more than one path to crime and more that one class of offender.

Life course theory

Propensity theory

Trajectory theory

Critical theory

QUESTION 25

Which of the following is NOT an element of impulsivity?

Physical

Shortsighted

Verbal

Insensitiv

Are you looking for a similar paper or any other quality academic essay? Then look no further. Our research paper writing service is what you require. Our team of experienced writers is on standby to deliver to you an original paper as per your specified instructions with zero plagiarism guaranteed. This is the perfect way you can prepare your own unique academic paper and score the grades you deserve.

Use the order calculator below and get started! Contact our live support team for any assistance or inquiry.